Credit on mount "J.McDonald Color sergt, R.E. Photo". Title on mount "'THE CYPRESS', AND ELIJAH'S CHAPEL WITH SUMMIT OF JEBEL MUSA". Numbered l.r. on mount "33".
See: Ordnance Survey of the Peninsula of Sinai III, vol.1, p.33.
Prophet Elijah spent 40 days and nights in a cave on Mount Horeb, according to biblical tradition. Siqqat Sydina Musa is recognized as the traditional naqb followed by the prophet Moses to the summit of Biblical Mount Sinai. The monks paved the path using 3,750 rock steps from Saint Catherine Monastery to the summit in 4th-7th centuries CE, in addition to mountain chapels and Byzantine monastic structures scattered across the valley and on the plateau of Biblical Mount Horeb and Mount Sinai, including ruined buildings (dwellings), hermit cells, prayer niches, rock-paved paths, rock inscriptions and agricultural plots (water dams, reservoirs and cisterns, conduits and retaining walls).
The Byzantine monks, pilgrims and travelers (and later tourists) passed through Farsh Elijah (Elias) in the footsteps of Moses to the summit of Mount Sinai since 4th century CE, until the construction of Siqqat Abbas Basha in 1853-54, by Abbas Helmi I, the Khedive of Egypt (1849-54).
Archbishop Porphyrios II (1904-1926) restored the steps in 1905. Several ancient monastic and pilgrimage routes lead to the plateau.
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Medium Albumen print from wet plate negative
Mount on original printed mount
Photo Date 1869c Print Date 1869
Dimensions 6.6875 x 8.25 in. (170 x 210 mm)
Photo Country Afghanistan
Photographer Country United Kingdom (UK)
Contemporary Works / Vintage Works, Ltd.